FACELIFT

Plastic surgery of the face. Same as Rhytidoplasty or Rhytidectomy.

ABDOMINOPLASTY OR LAPAROPLASTY

Plastic [surgery] of the abdomen, aimed at improving its appearance, with the patient regaining his/her figure.

ACCESS PORT

Place where the surgeon performs an incision to create a pocket for the implant.

AGENESIA

Congenital absence of a body part.

AMASTIA

Absence of a breast.

ANATOMY

The science that deals with the structure of organised beings, any body dissection, examination, close scrutiny.

APONEUROSIS OR FASCIA

Fibrous and resistant membrane whose main function is to wrap the muscles.

AREOLA OR HALO

Pigmented, circular area around the nipple.

ASEPSIS

Process whereby the removal of pathogens in a particular place or object is achieved.

ATROPHY

Decreased volume. e.g. breast atrophy due to age, breast-feeding, atrophy of a muscle due to disuse.

AUTOCLAVE

Sterilisation equipment that uses saturated steam in pressure, temperature and time pre-defined cycles.

AUTOLOGOUS

From the patient's own body, i.e. autologous tissue.

AUTOPLASTY

Method that consists of replacing a destroyed or defective part of the patient's body, taking the necessary materials for this repair from the patient's own body.

BIOCOMPATIBILITY

It is the property of a given material or device that does not cause adverse reactions in the body when implanted for a specific purpose.

BREAST

Mammary gland, a lacteal secretion organ. Hemispheric projections located in the subcutaneous layer, on top of the pectoralis major, on each side of the thorax.

BREAST ASYMMETRY

Difference between the breasts; it may be in shape, volume or location.

CAPSULAR CONTRACTURE

Hardening and possible contraction of the fibrous capsule that usually forms around an implant, resulting in compression and loss of shape.

CAPSULAR RETRACTION

Same as capsular contracture.

COLUMELLA

Diminutive of column [spine]. Lower central part of the nose, located between the nasal wings.

CONTRALATERAL BREAST

Opposite breast.

CRYPTORCHIDISM

Absence of a testis from the scrotum, as a result of retention in the abdominal cavity or in the inguinal canal.

DETACHMENT

Surgical separation of tissue.

ENCAPSULATION

Physiological process of inclusion in a capsule.

EXTRUSION

Expulsion or exposure of any implanted material. Not to be confused with "rejection".

FASCIA OR APONEUROSIS

Fibrous and resistant membrane whose main function is to wrap the muscles.

FIBROSIS

Scar tissue that forms after a cut or displacement in the body.

GLABELLA

Prominence on the frontal bone above the nasal roof.

GLUTEOPLASTY

Surgery to enlarge or reshape the buttocks.

GYNAECOMASTIA

Excessive development of the male mammary glands showing female shapes.

HAEMATOMA

Temporary tumefaction due to blood [sic] dilation (outside the vessels) in soft tissues.

HAEMOSTASIS

Manoeuvres used to stop bleeding.

HALO OR AREOLA

Pigmented, circular area around the nipple.

HYPERPLASIA OR HYPERTROPHY

Increase in the size of individual tissue elements.

HYPOMASTIA

Atrophy or congenital smallness of the breasts.

HYPOPLASIA OR HYPOTROPHY

Underdevelopment of a tissue or organ due to a low number of cells.

INCISION

Cutting of tissues performed by the surgeon with a scalpel.

INFILTRATION (TEM [TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY])

Action or effect of infiltrating; embedded fluid in solid bodies; abnormal effusion of fluid into organ tissues.

INFLAMMATION

Set of phenomena that are typical of the body’s reaction to aggression.

INFRAMAMMARY INCISION

Cutting into the sulcus, in the lower crease of the breast.

IRRADIATED SKIN

Skin that has suffered the effect of X-rays.

KELOID

Irregular skin tumour, usually on its own and on the chest. Certain individuals, mainly of black ethnicity, have a predisposition to formation of unsightly keloid scar tissue. Frequently confused with hypertrophic scar.

LABIAL COMMISSURE

Corners of the mouth.

LAPAROPLASTY OR ABDOMINOPLASTY

Plastic [surgery] of the abdomen, aimed at improving its appearance, with the patient regaining his/her figure.

LIPOSCULPTURE

Technique that combines liposuction with lipotransplant. It makes use of excess fat removed from the buttocks, hips and posterior root of thighs, to reshape other areas.

LIPOSUCTION

It consists of aspiration of localised fat deposits.

MAMMOGRAPHY

Radiological examination conducted on the breast.

MAMMOPLASTY OR MASTOPLASTY

Surgery designed for reconstruction of the breast or to correct aesthetic imperfections. It may be to increase volume or to reduce it.

MASTATROPHY

Atrophy of the breast.

MASTECTOMY

Surgery to remove the breast.

MASTOPEXY

A surgical procedure designed to raise dropping or flaccid breasts.

MASTOPTOSIS

Dropping or ptosis of one of the breasts.

MENTOPLASTY

Surgery aimed at correcting the jaw.

NIPPLE OR PAPILLA

It is the projection located at the apex of the breast and at the centre of the areola, on whose surface there are duct channels for breast milk that open during breast-feeding.

OEDEMA

Pathological accumulation of blood fluid in any tissue or organ.

OMPHALOCOELE

Scar in the middle of the abdomen, caused by cutting of the umbilical cord, through which the gastroschisis bag can be used.

OTOPLASTY

Plastic surgery of the ears, which may be reconstructive or cosmetic.

PAPILLA OR NIPPLE

It is the projection located at the apex of the breast and at the centre of the areola, on whose surface there are duct channels for breast milk that open during breast-feeding.

POCKET

Space created by detaching the tissues in order to position the implant.

POLAND’S SYNDROME

Atrophy or absence of the pectoral muscle or mammary gland, which may occur together with atrophy of the arm and hand. It may be either unilateral or bilateral.

PTOSIS

Abnormal detachment, downwards, of a body part. e.g. papebral ptosis, breast ptosis.

RHYNOPLASTY

Plastic surgery of the nose.

SEQUELAE

Permanent or lasting anomaly as a result of a surgery or disease in general, e.g. muscle atrophy after poliomyelitis.

SEROMA

Swelling caused by focal serum deposits within a tissue or organ.

SILICONOMA

Benign tumour caused by liquid silicone or gel, which consists of encapsulated silicone particles.

TISSULAR

Relating to tissue.

VERMILLION

Mucous membrane part of the lip.